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A colonial-era French military fort, later used as a prison, displays the flags of Azawad and graffiti that proclaims, “Azawad, Mali No” at dusk in Kidal, Mali. Rebels of the MNLA, Mouvement National de Liberation de l'Azawad, returned to the desert city of Kidal along with French forces and support in late January 2013. It had been less than a year since the rebels’ brief occupation of the city in 2012, along with Gao and Timbuktu, fell to the Al-Qaeda-linked groups they had previously been allied with. While the Ouagadougou accords signed in June allowed for the return of about 200 Malian soldiers to the rebel stronghold before the holding of national elections in August, the MNLA have yet to disarm. They continue to haphazardly administer the city and occupy government buildings. If their demands for autonomy are not met in upcoming negotiations, they have asserted that they are prepared to retake arms and continue their fight for the creation of Azawad.